There is a strong link between listening, language and academic success. Phonological awareness refers to a child’s knowledge of the sound segments (called phonemes) that make up words. Many children will require direct instruction before they are able to sound out words. Some children may rely on visual recall or “sight words” but this method alone is not sufficient, especially when attempting to read or spell new words. When a child has difficulty understanding or remembering more complicated language, reading comprehension may also be compromised. Academically, children are expected to move from learning to read to reading to learn quickly, and other subjects such as math, science and social studies may be difficult.
The following list may be helpful when looking at your child’s reading and academic skills: